Insects: Definition, Types, and Examples

Table of Contents

Insects Definition

The Arthropoda Phylum’s Class Insecta is by far the most successful and varied taxon in the world. In fact, insects have more species than all other animals combined. This clearly demonstrates that insects have unique selection advantages that enable them to maximize the benefits of the environment in which they dwell.

The evolution of insects was an animal species establishing its authority on the life that was growing at the time. Insects have all of the arthropods’ selection advantages listed on the preceding instructional page, plus their own unique benefits for each species. Here are some of the reasons why insects have managed to survive for so long (beginning over 400 million years ago).

Insects Characteristic

An Ability to Fly (Class Pterygota): Because certain insects evolved wings, they were able to quickly flee predators and travel long distances without encountering any risk from other creatures in the air. The early insects were most likely wingless. This implies that flight was and continues to be a natural selection advantage for many insect species.

Small Structure: If small-stature insects expanded to an unnatural size, they would have breathing problems. As a result, a large range of insect species are tiny in size, allowing them to occupy small spaces and requiring only a minimal amount of food to thrive.

Fast Reproductive Cycle: According to biology, smaller species create children faster, according to science, and because organisms at the time reproduced sexually, this meant that genetic information was crossing more frequently. As a result, the variety in the genome of the species as a whole grew, and the species continued to diversify and compete.

Land Insects: They, like the other arthropods, took advantage of the opportunity to live on dry land and developed to fit their new surroundings. The minimal water transpired by insect species has been traced out through evolutionary adaptations, demonstrating their relatively bold shift from a moist habitat to dry ground. The water is also home to insects. They were, however, up against greater competition from the ongoing development of other species in the area. This resulted in environmental pressure and a habitat occupancy threshold.

Senses: Insects continued to develop the senses that other arthropods and their predecessors had evolved. They were able to recognize and understand auditory, visual, and chemical inputs.

The Symbiosis of Plants and Insects

Plants haven’t been addressed much in the evolutionary chronology we’ve followed, yet insects are largely reliant on plant life. Insects and plants have developed alongside one another. Hundreds of species would not exist today if one of them had been eliminated at any time in history.

Insect and Plant Interactions

Butterflies go through metamorphosis, which is the transformation of an embryonic form into an adult form. Adult butterflies lay their eggs on plants to protect them from predators and potential harm.

Insects are herbivores in some situations. This implies they get their nourishment from plants. Plants like the Venus Fly Trap, on the other hand, envelop insects in their protective systems and destroy them. Insects pollinate plants, allowing them to reproduce and successfully carry their DNA down through generations. Evolution has always had a strong link with plants and insects.

Social Habits

Some bug species have the ability to communicate with one another. This would be one of the first examples in the evolutionary chain, occurring hundreds of millions of years ago. Bees, for example, are a social insect that performs a waggle dance in front of other bees in the same hive to signal the quality and navigational source of food. Insects play an essential role in the transfer of life from water to land.

Insects Citations
  • The gut microbiota of insects – diversity in structure and function. FEMS Microbiol Rev . 2013 Sep;37(5):699-735.
  • The hemolymph microbiome of insects. J Insect Physiol . May-Jun 2019;115:33-39.
  • Insects as human food; from farm to fork. J Sci Food Agric . 2020 Nov;100(14):5017-5022.
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